Out of the state's nine districts, Tamenglong is located along the western boundary of the state. Tamenglong is the land of exotic orchids. Tamenglong in Manipur is completely composed of hill ranges and narrow valleys. The hilltops and valley sides are dotted with small hamlets, located at strategic points. The land was believed to have been formed due to organic movement during cretaceous and Eocene period. The main rock formations are sandstone, shale, schist. Due to weak and fragile nature of rocks and high gradient of the hill slopes, landslide is a common phenomenon in the whole district in rainy season.
Tamenglong district of Manipur is blessed with topography of irregular undulation. Tamenglong in Manipur has in its small area most of the awesome features that nature mould to a hilly terrain. Turbulent waters, roaring waterfall, pitching dark caves, enchanting lakes of the wilderness, rocks chiselled to wondrous form and yet the thick blanket of dense tropical forest most part of which are still virgin.
Places to visit in Tamenglong.
The Waterfalls at the River Barak
Along the river Barak there are seven waterfalls in series at close range. The picture is at the third step of the waterfall.
The famous Tharon cave is located at about 27 kms from the district HQ. The map of the entire cave is engraved and painted on a stone at the main entrance. Archeological excavation of the cave shows affinities with Hobinian culture of North Vietnam.
The legendary Zeilad lake at Makoi (Atengba) is associated with a number of pythons, fishes and water birds. There are six other lakes nearby Guiphop Zei, Nrou Zei, Nap-sam Zei etc.
The Buning (N-piulong) meadow is located on the western side of the picturesque Tamei town. A number of well-groomed uneven small mounts, numerous glittering brooks are located at the stretch. In the month of June the meadow is coloured with enchanting groud orchids and various wild lilies.
A glance of the district is as below as per 1991 census:
Geographical Area : 4,391 sq Kms.
Population : 1,11,493 (2001 cesus)
Altitude: (above MSL) 1260 m
Latitude (HQ): 24.59 N
Longitude (HQ): 93.30 E
Humidity:76 (Min) 92 (Max)
Rainfall (HQ): 3135 mm.
Temparature: 31oC (Max)4oC (Min)
Sub-Divisions: Tamenglong, Tamei, Tousem, Nungba
Main Tribes (Inhabitants): Zeliangrong, Kuki, Chiru, Hmar, Khasi
National Highways:NH 53
State Highways: I.T. Road, Old Cachar Road, Tamenglong Khongsang Road
Major rivers: Iyei, Irang, Barak, Makru
Source : The Manipur Mirror